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Sandstone layers on Mars by NASA

Press Release

Technological development has improved space exploration worldwide. Significant improvements, like high-resolution images and quicker space feedback, have advanced space exploration. Likewise, more planets have been observed in detail, while other planets like Pluto are nullified as being a planet. Therefore, technology has enhanced scientific and archaeological research globally.

One of the recent space images displayed what seemed to be sandstone layers. Consequently, scientists and archaeology have searched for the existence of life in other planets apart from Earth. Thus, the images displayed by Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO), a NASA product, reveals the presence of minerals that can only accumulate due to a water body that existed in the past or still present.

On the other hand, MRO is endowed with different space instruments that also entail Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM) capable of capturing numerous images at high resolution. Also, the sandstone layers of images captured on Mars were done by CRISM. Furthermore, CRISM’s principal role is to create high-resolution image maps on Mars mineral surface capable of detecting oxides, iron, carbonates, and phyllosilicates. The minerals stated are an indication that the planet was either wet in the past or the present.

CRISM images are merged with the High-Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) in the same region. Additionally, CRISM is incorporated with three cameras, HiRISE being one of them. HiRISE is the largest reflecting telescope ever to be launched in space capable of surfacing Mar’s topography in detail.

Moreover, images displayed by HiRISE are colored and at high resolutions. Likewise, the CRISM can reveal detailed information that contains the chemical features of the picture. However, the images are captured at 18 pixels compared to HiRISE at 0.3 pixels. On another occurrence, the HiRISE combines both instruments hence revealing detailed information on the planet. Both devices are essential in imaging. For instance, HiRISE can show a site containing compositional diversity; therefore, compositional mapping units in detail compared to CRISM. Also, CRISM reveals possible landing areas like MSL site Curiosity. Thus, combining the two instruments displays both compositional groups at high resolution and potential landing sites.

The images captured by HiRISE indicated sandstone layers West of Candor in Valles Marineris. Likewise, the stunning pictures displayed a persistent beauty despite the dry, cold, and gloomy space. HiPOD gallery contains stunning Mars pictures, thus revealing numerous faces and topography of the planet. Additionally, dunes are also formed on Mars as the wind gradually forms them. Also, in cold regions like Melas Chasma, the dunes are frozen.   

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